Common Phrases and Idioms in Spoken English

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  1. Hello/Hi: This friendly greeting is used to acknowledge someone’s presence. Bengali: নমস্কার (Nomoskar) / হ্যালো (Hyllo)
  2. How are you?/Good, thanks.: A common way to inquire about someone’s well-being. Bengali: কেমন আছেন? (Kemn Achhen?) / ভালো, ধন্যবাদ (Bhalo, Dhonnobad)
  3. Please/Thank you: Polite expressions of gratitude and request. Bengali: দয়া করে (Doya Kore) / ধন্যবাদ (Dhonnobad)
  4. Sorry/Excuse me: Used to apologize for inconvenience or draw attention politely. Bengali: দুঃখিত (Dukkhito) / ক্ষমা করুন (Kshomo korun)
  5. I don’t understand: Indicates lack of comprehension. Bengali: বুঝতে পারছি না (Bujhhte parchhi na)
  6. Can you help me?: A request for assistance. Bengali: সাহায্য করবেন কি? (Sahayoh korun ki?)
  7. Yes/No: Simple answers of affirmation or negation. Bengali: হ্যাঁ (Hyan) / না (Na)
  8. What’s your name?: To introduce oneself or inquire about someone’s identity. Bengali: আপনার নাম কী? (Apanar nam ki?)
  9. Nice to meet you: Expresses pleasure in meeting someone new. Bengali: আপনার সাথে দেখা মাত্র (Apanar shathe dekha matro)
  10. Goodbye/See you later: Polite expressions of farewell. Bengali: বিদায়/আবার দেখা হবে (Biday/Abar dekha hobe)

Alive to

“Alive to” is a phrase commonly used in spoken English to describe someone who is aware or sensitive to a particular situation or issue. It implies being alert and responsive to what is happening around you. For example, if someone is “alive to the needs of others,” it means they are attentive and understanding of the needs of those around them. This phrase emphasizes the importance of being present and engaged in the world, rather than being passive or indifferent. Being “alive to” something allows us to actively participate and make a positive impact in our relationships and communities.

Animal Spirits

Animal Spirits

The phrase “animal spirits” is often used in spoken English to describe a lively and energetic attitude or behavior. It refers to the instinctive and emotional side of human nature, similar to the behavior of animals. This phrase suggests a sense of vitality and enthusiasm that can drive individuals or groups to take risks and pursue opportunities.

In everyday conversations, people might use the phrase “animal spirits” to describe someone who is full of energy and enthusiasm. For example, you might say, “She has such strong animal spirits; she always brings excitement and motivation to the team.”

The concept of animal spirits can also be applied to the economy. In economics, animal spirits refer to the psychological factors that influence economic decisions and behavior. It suggests that human emotions, such as confidence and optimism, play a significant role in shaping economic activity.

Understanding the concept of animal spirits can help us recognize the importance of emotions and attitudes in our personal and professional lives. By embracing our own animal spirits, we can tap into our natural energy and passion, leading to greater fulfillment and success.

In conclusion, the phrase “animal spirits” captures the essence of liveliness, enthusiasm, and instinctive behavior. Whether applied to individuals or the economy, it reminds us of the power of emotions and attitudes in driving our actions and shaping our experiences. So, let’s embrace our own animal spirits and unleash our full potential.

Apple of one’s eye

The phrase “Apple of one’s eye” is a common expression in spoken English that refers to someone or something that is cherished or highly valued. It is often used to describe a person who is loved and adored above all others.

For example, imagine a father talking about his daughter. He might say, “She is the apple of my eye.” This means that his daughter is the most precious and beloved person in his life. The phrase conveys a deep affection and emotional attachment.

The origin of this phrase can be traced back to biblical references. In the Book of Psalms, it is written, “Keep me as the apple of the eye, hide me under the shadow of thy wings.” This metaphorical usage suggests that the eye is a precious and delicate organ, and anything that is the “apple” of it is of utmost importance and protection.

In everyday conversations, people might use the phrase “apple of one’s eye” to express their love and admiration for someone or something. It can be used to describe a romantic partner, a child, a pet, or even an object that holds sentimental value.

In conclusion, the phrase “Apple of one’s eye” is a heartfelt expression that signifies deep affection and value. It is a way to convey the special place someone or something holds in our hearts. So, let’s cherish and appreciate the “apples of our eyes” in our lives.

At times

“At times” is a commonly used phrase in spoken English that refers to occasional or intermittent occurrences. It is often used to describe situations or behaviors that happen periodically or irregularly.

For example, imagine a person talking about their job. They might say, “At times, I have to work late.” This means that occasionally or from time to time, they have to stay at the office beyond regular working hours. The phrase conveys the idea that this is not a constant or regular requirement, but rather something that happens infrequently.

Another example of using “at times” could be in a conversation about someone’s mood. They might say, “I can be moody at times.” This implies that occasionally, their mood fluctuates or changes unpredictably. The phrase suggests that this is not a constant characteristic, but rather something that occurs intermittently.

In everyday conversations, people use the phrase “at times” to acknowledge that certain situations or behaviors are not constant or consistent. It allows for the recognition of occasional occurrences without implying a permanent state.

In summary, the phrase “at times” is a versatile expression that signifies occasional or intermittent happenings. It is a way to describe situations or behaviors that occur periodically or irregularly. So, let’s embrace the variability of life and acknowledge that things can change or happen sporadically “at times.”

better half

The phrase “better half” is a commonly used expression in spoken English that refers to a person’s spouse or romantic partner. It is often used to affectionately describe someone’s significant other or the person they are in a committed relationship with.

For example, imagine a person introducing their partner to a friend. They might say, “This is my better half, Sarah.” By using the phrase “better half,” they are expressing their deep love and admiration for their partner, emphasizing that they consider them to be an integral part of their life.

Another example of using “better half” could be in a conversation about a couple’s decision-making process. They might say, “I always consult with my better half before making any major decisions.” This implies that they value their partner’s opinion and input, considering them to be an essential part of their decision-making process.

In everyday conversations, people use the phrase “better half” to convey a sense of love, respect, and partnership in their relationship. It highlights the idea that their partner completes them and brings out the best in them.

In summary, the phrase “better half” is a heartfelt expression used to refer to a person’s spouse or romantic partner. It signifies a deep connection, love, and admiration for the significant other in one’s life. So, let’s celebrate the special bond we share with our better halves and cherish the love and partnership they bring into our lives.

Body and soul

“Body and soul” is a phrase commonly used in spoken English to describe a deep connection or commitment to something or someone. It signifies a strong emotional or spiritual bond that goes beyond physicality.

For example, imagine a person talking about their passion for playing the piano. They might say, “Playing the piano is something I do with my whole body and soul.” This implies that their love for playing the piano is not just a physical action, but also a deeply emotional and spiritual experience. It shows that they put their heart and soul into their music, giving it their full dedication and passion.

Another example of using “body and soul” could be in a conversation about a person’s commitment to a cause or belief. They might say, “I believe in this cause with my body and soul.” This expresses their unwavering dedication and conviction, emphasizing that their commitment extends beyond mere words or actions.

In everyday conversations, people use the phrase “body and soul” to convey a sense of wholeheartedness, dedication, and passion. It highlights the idea that they are fully invested in something or someone, giving their all and leaving no part of themselves untouched.

In summary, the phrase “body and soul” is a powerful expression used to describe a deep emotional or spiritual connection and commitment. It signifies wholehearted dedication, passion, and the integration of one’s physical and emotional being. So, let’s embrace the things and people that we hold dear with our body and soul, and let our passion shine through in all that we do.

by and by

“By and by” is a commonly used phrase in spoken English that refers to something happening or being done at some point in the future. It implies a sense of patience and waiting for a particular event or outcome.

For example, imagine a person discussing their career goals. They might say, “I’m working hard and gaining experience now, and by and by, I hope to achieve my dream job.” This indicates that they understand that achieving their desired career may take time and effort, but they are willing to wait and work towards it.

Another example of using “by and by” could be in a conversation about personal growth and development. Someone might say, “I’m learning new skills and improving myself, and by and by, I will become the best version of myself.” This conveys the idea that personal growth is a gradual process that requires patience and continuous effort.

In everyday conversations, people use the phrase “by and by” to express the understanding that certain things take time and cannot be rushed. It reflects a mindset of perseverance and trust in the natural progression of events.

In summary, the phrase “by and by” is used to convey the idea of something happening or being achieved in the future, with an emphasis on patience and gradual progress. It reminds us to stay committed and persistent in our pursuits, knowing that success will come in due time. So, let’s embrace the journey and trust that by and by, we will reach our desired destinations.

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